Internet infrastructure

Now that Google and Verizon have circumvented the FCC to develop their own policy, without the involvement of the public, what will this mean for net neutrality?

Following is Guardian writer Mehan Jayasuriya’s perspective:

This week’s traffic prioritisation agreement between Google and Verizon (another one of the largest providers in the US) serves as a prime example of what will happen in the absence of clear rules of the road for ISPs. Two large companies have negotiated in private and have reached an agreement on how internet traffic should be managed.

On the surface, this agreement doesn’t look too nefarious. Verizon has agreed to respect the end-to-end principle on its wired networks and Google has reiterated its commitment to net neutrality. However, the proposal specifically excludes wireless internet services. The agreement also proposes that so-called “managed services” on the wired network – essentially fast lanes carved out of the bandwidth currently used by the internet – be exempt from any rules that govern the web.

Finally, and perhaps most troubling, Google and Verizon have suggested that industry-led advisery groups write the rules for what’s left of the internet. In matters of consumer protection and nondiscrimination, the FCC’s actions would be subject to approval by the very companies that the agency is meant to oversee.

It’s clear why this proposal is attractive to Google and Verizon. With net neutrality out of the picture, Verizon would be free to extract additional fees from content providers and users in exchange for access to the fast lanes. Google is large enough that it could afford to pay these fees, thereby assuring speedy delivery of its content and a competitive advantage.


Web2Expo Keynote BannerWeb 2.0’s first keynote session on Wednesday brought together Tim O’Reilly of O’Reilly Media, John Maeda, President of RISN, Stephen Elop of Microsoft and Mark Carges of eBay.

With a key theme being the web as a platform, speakers made their cases for:

  • Harnessing collective intelligence (O’Reilly)
  • The trend toward the power of less, including building a simple system and letting it evolve (O’Reilly)


  • Web2Expo Keynote: John Maeda  The complexity of simplicity (Maeda)


  • Web2Expo Keynote: Stephen Elop with O'Reilly  The need to continue to innovate and uphold productivity (Elop)


  • Web2Expo Keynote: Mark Carges, eBay  Importance of developing technology beyond the Internet (Carges) 
  • Creating technology that adapts to people’s lives (Carges) 

More from Web2Expo to come!

Follow @AndaPR on twitter.

The Internet has surpassed the 1 billion user threshold!  Now what?
How do we find out who the 1 billionth user was? 

It will be interesting to see where things head in terms of Internet capacity, the second coming of the Internet, growth patterns, new domain levels, and the like.  

Note that North America (looks like their including Canada) accounts for only 18% of the share of usage. We always think we’re so much bigger.

Following are stats reported by PC World and MSN…

In December 2008, the total number of Internet users worldwide surpassed 1 billion for the first time, according to comScore World Metrix and PC Advisor.

In terms of shares of global Internet users by region:

Asia-Pacific region –  41%
Europe – 28%
North America – 18%  
Latin-America – 7%
Middle East & Africa – 5%

Country-based Statistics

China represented the largest online audience in the world in December 2008 with 180 million Internet users, representing nearly 18 percent of the total worldwide Internet audience, followed by:

US – 16.2%
Japan – 6%
Germany – 3.7%
UK – 3.6%

Top 15 countries in terms of online audience are:

1. China: 179,710,000
2. United States: 163,300,000
3. Japan: 59,993,000
4. Germany: 36,992,000
5. United Kingdom: 36,664,000
6. France: 34,010,000
7. India: 32,099,000
8. Russia: 28,998,000
9. Brazil: 27,688,000
10. South Korea: 27,254,000
11. Canada: 21,809,000
12. Italy: 20,780,000
13. Spain: 17,893,000
14. Mexico: 12,486,000
15. Netherlands: 11,812,000

Pingdom compiled some interesting facts about the Internet of 2008…

What happened with the Internet in 2008?

How many websites were added? How many emails were sent? How many blog posts were published? This post will answer those questions and many others with more interesting statistics than you can shake a stick at. )

We have used a wide variety of sources from around the Web. A full list of source references is available at the bottom of the post for those interested. In some of the cases we here at Pingdom also did some additional calculations to get even more numbers to play around with.


  • 1.3 billion – The number of email users worldwide.
  • 210 billion – The number of emails sent per day in 2008.
  • 70% – The percentage of emails that are spam.
  • 53.8 trillion – The number of spam emails sent in 2008 (assuming 70% are spam).


  • 186,727,854 – The number of websites on the Internet in December 2008.
  • 31.5 million – The number of websites added during 2008.

Web servers

  • 24.4% – The growth of Apache websites in 2008.
  • 13.7% – The growth of IIS websites in 2008.
  • 22.2% – The growth of Google GFE websites in 2008.
  • 336.8% – The growth of Nginx websites in 2008.
  • 100.3% – The growth of Lighttpd websites in 2008.

Domain names

  • 77.5 million – .COM domain names at the end of 2008.
  • 11.8 million – .NET domain names at the end of 2008.
  • 7.2 million – .ORG domain names at the end of 2008.
  • 174 million – The number of domain names across all top-level domains.
  • 19% – The increase in the number of domain names in 2008.

Internet users

  • 1,463,632,361 – The number of Internet users worldwide (June 2008).
  • 578,538,257 – Internet users in Asia.
  • 384,633,765 – Internet users in Europe.
  • 248,241,969 – Internet users in North America.
  • 139,009,209 – Internet users in Latin America/Caribbean.
  • 51,065,630 – Internet users in Africa.
  • 41,939,200 – Internet users in the Middle East.
  • 20,204,331 – Internet users in Oceania/Australia.


  • 133 million – The number of blogs on the Internet (as tracked by Technorati).
  • 900,000 – The number of new blog posts in a day.
  • 329 million – The number of blog posts in 2008.


  • 10 billion – Photos hosted by Facebook (October 2008).
  • 3 billion – Photos hosted by Flickr (November 2008).
  • 6.2 billion – Photos hosted by Photobucket (October 2008).


  • 12.7 billion – The number of online videos watched by American Internet users in a month (November 2008).
  • 87 – The number of online videos viewed per month per Internet user in USA.
  • 34% – The increase in viewing of online video in USA compared to 2007.
  • 3.1 – The number of minutes of an average online video.

Web browsers

Malicious software

  • 1 million – The number of computer viruses in April 2008.
  • 468% – The increase in malicious code compared to 2007.

Data sources: Website and web server stats from Netcraft. Domain name stats from Verisign and Internet user stats from Internet World Stats. Web browser stats from Net Applications. Blog stats from Technorati. Email stats from Radicati Group via Spam stats from DCC. Virus stats from Symantec via Times Online. Online video stats from Comscore. Photo stats from CNET and Flickr.

41% of small business owners regularly work from home or another off-site (non-office) location, relying on the Internet, e-mail, remote access and on-line collaboration tools to conduct business, according to a survey by the polling company.

That statistic is neither surprising nor alarming until you also consider the recent report by Nemertes Research, which projects that demand for Internet could outpace available capacity by 2010. In what has been deemed a landmark study, “The Internet Singularity, Delayed: Why Limits in Internet Capacity Will Stifle Innovation on the Web,” estimates that a global infrastructure investment of $137 billion may be required to prevent declines in service.

With the nature and adoption of Internet usage being what it is, that infrastructure investment may only serve to stabilize capacity needs.

2010 and beyond…Rather than fall back to dial-up, which some project will happen, small business owners will likely need to rely even more on the Cellular Internet, face higher broadband prices or who knows, maybe even be subjected to traffic prioritization. PC World’s, James A. Martin, lays out some of the options, advantages and disadvantages of the Cellular Internet in “Mobile Computing: the Cellular Internet.

Want to know the down and dirty details on the Exaflood of 2010? The Internet Innovation Alliance provides a pretty thorough analysis of the Nemertes study.

“The Nemertes study—the first-ever to assess Internet infrastructure and model current/projected traffic patterns independent of one another—indicates that Internet access infrastructure, specifically in North America, will cease to be adequate for supporting demand within the next three to five years.”